Existing approaches for protecting sensitive information outsourced at external "honest-but-curious" servers are typically based on an overlying layer of encryption applied to the whole database, or on the combined use of fragmentation and encryption. In this paper, we put forward a novel paradigm for preserving privacy in data outsourcing, which departs from encryption. The basic idea is to involve the owner in storing a limited portion of the data, while storing the remaining information in the clear at the external server. We analyze the problem of computing a fragmentation that minimizes the ownerÂ’s workload, which is represented using different metrics and corresponding weight functions, and prove that this minimization problem is NP-hard. We then introduce the definition of locally minimal fragmentation that is used to efficiently compute a fragmentation via a heuristic algorithm. The algorithm translates the problem of finding a locally minimal fragmentation in terms of a hypergraph 2-coloring problem. Finally, we illustrate the execution of queries on fragments and provide experimental results comparing the fragmentations returned by our heuristics with respect to optimal fragmentations. The experiments show that the heuristics guarantees a low computation cost and is able to compute a fragmentation close to optimum.